Find the breakthrough point for the integration of

2022-08-02
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Identify the entry point of the integration of industrialization and industrialization editor's note: Wucheng, academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, said that in the future, the integration of industrialization and industrialization can have 8 entry points and 10 key technologies: the 8 entry points include the informatization of equipment manufacturing industry, relevant informatization technologies of major national projects, industrial software, 3G industrial applications, industrial sensors and control systems. The 10 key technologies include modern design/manufacturing technology, information technology in energy saving and consumption reduction, embedded system and its application, CNC system, industrial control technology and system, industrial sensors and instruments, etc

the integration of industrialization and informatization refers to the way that our large manufacturers tell you that industrialization and informatization depend on each other, penetrate each other and develop together. It has always existed in the process of China's economic development

in terms of the integration of industrialization and industrialization, its essence is demand traction, mainly driven by industrialization and information technology. In addition to industrialization, there are also demands from improving people's livelihood, social progress and national security. In the category of the integration of the two modernizations, it is very important to solve this essential problem for the integration of the two modernizations

from historical experience, developed countries began to promote informatization and enter the information society after completing their industrialization. The traditional way of industrialization has paid the cost of excessive consumption of resources while developing productive forces. Over 200 years of industrial revolution, more than 40 countries, including Britain, Germany and the United States, which account for 15% of the global population, have successively completed industrialization. They have consumed 70% of the proven resources and 60% of other mineral resources. It is difficult for the majority of post developing countries to copy the industrialization path of developed countries, so China must take a new path

drawing on the experience of the world automobile manufacturing center from Europe to the United States, the rise of Japan, the competition between Japan and the United States, and the United States' emphasis on using information technology to regain its advantages, China must embark on a new industrialization path with high scientific and technological content, good economic benefits, low resource consumption, less environmental pollution, and full play to its human resource advantages. Informatization is a strategic measure that concerns the overall situation in the new industrialization, which is the basis for informatization to drive industrialization, industrialization to promote informatization, and the integration of the two

today, informatization has penetrated into all aspects of China's economic and social life, and the operation of Chinese society has been inseparable from informatization. Generally speaking, informatization construction ① has made great progress in the testing process in recent years. Informatization mainly includes the following aspects:

first, informatization of equipment and products. The innovation of industrial equipment and products is very important. Because it involves all aspects of industrial products, it is impossible for several companies to monopolize, which provides many enterprises, including small and medium-sized enterprises, with opportunities for market share and development

second, informatization of product design process. I would like to emphasize that it is widely used. It can be said that most domestic enterprises have adopted computer-aided technology from import to production. The application of information technology in aerospace, automotive machinery, shipbuilding, railway vehicles and other industries is not far behind that of foreign countries, but the software supporting these applications, especially 3D software and electronic design software, is far behind that of foreign countries

third, management informatization. The new concept of software technology is developing rapidly, and the management software is constantly developing. Researchers have found new thermosetting materials. Qualified Chinese enterprises have all used management software. Of course, there is still a big gap in scale and level. The entry threshold of management software is not high, and many domestic enterprises will do it, such as MRPII (material demand planning) and ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning System), which are widely used. However, for large-scale management software, it is still the software of large foreign companies, such as SAP (enterprise resource planning system software). The main users of domestic software suppliers such as Kingdee and UFIDA are small and medium-sized enterprises. China's management software has a good prospect and will develop faster in the future

fourth, control equipment and systems. This is another important aspect of industrial informatization. Numerical control system is one of the key technologies, which represents the level of equipment manufacturing and the support of information system to equipment manufacturing industry. In recent years, the CNC system has developed rapidly. The technical level of companies such as Guangzhou CNC and East China CNC has made great progress. The CNC system is still promising in the coming years

fifth, system integration. Many hardware and software manufacturers use a wide variety of products and equipment, and many products are internal standards, which brings difficulties to integration. The CIMS (Computer Integrated Manufacturing System) theme of the National 863 program focuses on information system integration

sixth, service information system. The service-oriented information system built on the Internet has penetrated into all aspects of society. China has carried out a lot of work at the technical and application levels, such as the digital library, the national large-scale instrument and equipment sharing system, the national 4000 excellent courses integration system, etc

seventh, energy conservation, emission reduction and information technology. This is a new demand for industrialization and an important content of informatization for a long time in the future. For example, a printing and dyeing enterprise, according to the European standard, decomposes the different process requirements and parameters of each production link according to the quality function configuration, implements production control with MES (manufacturing execution management system), and achieves obvious energy-saving and emission reduction effects: the power consumption per 10000 meters is reduced by 36%, and the steam per 10000 meters is reduced by 36%, directly saving 5.06 million yuan. Therefore, in terms of energy conservation and emission reduction, using information technology to strengthen management can achieve good results

to sum up, there can be 8 entry points and 10 key technologies for the future integration of industrialization and industrialization: the 8 entry points include informatization of equipment manufacturing industry, relevant informatization technologies of major national projects, major national projects, manufacturing services (productive services), industrial software, 3G industrial applications, industrial sensors and control systems, and informatization in energy conservation and emission reduction. After the development of 3G, it will bring great development space to informatization

10 key technologies include modern design/manufacturing technology, enterprise production organization mode and management information technology, integration technology and supporting software platform, modern logistics and process chain management technology, e-commerce, information technology in energy saving and consumption reduction, embedded system and its application, numerical control system, industrial control technology and system, industrial sensors and instruments. (Zhang Yu and Feng Jian of this newspaper were arranged according to the speech recordings, which were not reviewed by themselves.)

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